String Parameters in Rust Functions

Avoid String

As must as possible, avoid using String parameters in functions.

Each String argument is cloned during every single call to that function – and the copy immediately thrown away right after the call.

Needless to say, it is extremely inefficient to use String parameters.

&str Maps to ImmutableString

Rust functions accepting parameters of String should use &str instead because it maps directly to ImmutableString which is the type that Rhai uses to represent strings internally.

The parameter type String involves always converting an ImmutableString into a String which mandates cloning it.

Using ImmutableString or &str is much more efficient. A common mistake made by novice Rhai users is to register functions with String parameters.

fn main() {
fn get_len1(s: String) -> i64 { s.len() as i64 }            // <- Very inefficient!!!
fn get_len2(s: &str) -> i64 { s.len() as i64 }              // <- This is better
fn get_len3(s: ImmutableString) -> i64 { s.len() as i64 }   // <- the above is equivalent to this

    .register_fn("len1", get_len1)
    .register_fn("len2", get_len2)
    .register_fn("len3", get_len3);

let len = engine.eval::<i64>("x.len1()")?;                  // 'x' is cloned, very inefficient!
let len = engine.eval::<i64>("x.len2()")?;                  // 'x' is shared
let len = engine.eval::<i64>("x.len3()")?;                  // 'x' is shared